By: Veronica Rose, Chief Analyst
You asked for a summary of sSB 998—An Act Concerning Crimes With a Firearm (LCO 4681).
This bill requires local police departments (or resident state troopers or constables who perform law enforcement duties where there is no police department) to establish and maintain a gun offender registry. It defines 33 gun offenses and requires people convicted of any one of them, on or after October 1, 2011, to register as gun offenders in the town where they live and update the information annually, unless their conviction is overturned or they are pardoned. The bill applies even if a gun offender’s case is on appeal. (For a list of gun offenses, see Table 1 at the end of the report. )
The bill requires courts to inform people convicted of these gun offenses of the registration requirement. It specifies information the registry must maintain, registration deadlines, and responsibilities of law enforcement units. It subjects gun offenders who provide false information to the registry or fail to register to a fine of up to $ 1,000, imprisonment for up to one year, or both.
The bill requires that registration information on registered offenders be expunged four years after conviction or release from prison, depending on whether the sentence included incarceration. But if a person’s conviction is reversed or he or she is pardoned, he or she may apply for expungement at any time.
The bill takes effect October 1, 2011.
ESTABLISHMENT OF GUN REGISTRY
The bill requires each local police department or, where there is no police department, the resident state trooper or constable who performs law enforcement duties, to (1) establish and maintain a gun offender registry and (2) maintain registry data for four years following the date of an offender’s (a) conviction, if the offender’s sentence did not include imprisonment, or (b) release from prison (§ 3(i)).
At the end of the applicable retention period, the department or official must expunge the offender’s registration record.
The bill requires any state court that convicts a person of a gun offense to (1) enter an order certifying that the defendant is a gun offender, (2) advise the defendant of his or her duty to register, and (3) order him or her to comply with the registration requirements (§ 2).
REGISTRATION PROCEDURES AND DATA
The bill requires gun offenders to register in person with the appropriate law enforcement official or department in the town where they live no later than 48 hours after the date they are (1) sentenced, if the sentence does not include imprisonment, or (2) released from prison (§ 3). The registration must include:
1. the gun offender’s name, any aliases he or she has used, and any other name by which he or she has been legally known;
2. a description of the offense for which the gun offender was convicted;
3. the date of conviction and the date of release from prison, if applicable;
4. identifying information, including a physical description;
5. residence address;
6. the names of any other city, town, or borough where the gun offender has registered; and
7. any other information the law enforcement official or department requires under the registration law (§ 3).
The law enforcement official or department may (1) photograph the offender and include the photograph in the registration and (2) require documentation from him or her to verify the contents of the registration (§§ 3(d) & (e)). The offender must sign and date the registration.
No later than 20 days after each anniversary of an initial registration, the bill requires the gun offender to personally appear at the law enforcement department or before the official where he or she is registered and verify and update the registration, as appropriate. If in prison or hospitalized during the 20-day period, he or she must do so no later than 48 hours after release (§ 3).
If a registered offender changes his or her residence address and his or her current residence address is in Connecticut, he or she must, no later than 48 hours after the change, personally appear before the pertinent law enforcement official or at the department to update his or her registration (§ 3).
Registered offenders must provide registration updates during the entire registration period if they continue to live in Connecticut.
USE OF GUN REGISTRATION DATA
Police departments or law enforcement officials may make gun registry information available to federal, state, or local law enforcement agencies. And they may cooperate with such agencies and state courts to facilitate the implementation of the gun registry (§ 4).
The bill imposes penalties for (1) failing to register, (2) failing to verify information, and (3) providing false information in the registration or verification. The penalty is a fine of up to $ 1,000, imprisonment for up to one year, or both (§ 5).
EXPUNGEMENT OF RECORDS
Anyone whose gun offense conviction is reversed on appeal, set aside by law, or pardoned by the governor may request expungement of his or her registration information and release from the obligations under the bill. (In Connecticut, it is the Board of Pardons and Paroles, not the governor, that grants pardons. ) The person must request expungement in writing and provide a certified copy of the (1) court order reversing and dismissing the conviction or (2) certificate of pardon (§ 5).
Table 1: Gun Offenses Under sSB 998
|2-1e(c)||Interfering with the legislative process (involves the use of any weapon, not just firearms)|
|29-33(a)||Transfer handgun to prohibited person|
|29-33(b)||Obtain handgun without a permit|
|29-33(i)||Transfer handgun in violation of law’s transfer procedures; transfer handgun in violation of law knowing it was stolen or defaced|
|29-34||Make false statement in connection with sale or transfer of handgun & sell or transfer handgun to anyone under age 21|
|29-35(a)||Carry handgun without a permit|
|29-36||Alter a firearm’s identification mark, number, or name|
|29-36k||Failure to transfer firearm after becoming ineligible to possess it|
|29-37e||Make false statements when buying or selling firearm other than handgun|
|29-37j||Buy handgun with intent to transfer to prohibited person|
|53-202(b)||Possess machine gun in commission of violent crime|
|53-202(c)||Possess machine gun for offensive or aggressive purpose or transfer machine gun to someone under age 16|
|53-202(g)||Failure to register machine gun|
|53-202b||Sell or transfer of assault weapon|
|53-202c||Possess assault weapons|
|53-202j||Commit Class A, B, or C felony with assault weapon|
|53-202k||Commit a Class A, B, or C felony with firearm|
|53a-8(b)||Knowingly provide firearm to anyone to engage in illegal activity|
|53a-55a||1st degree manslaughter with firearm|
|53a-56a||2nd degree manslaughter with firearm|
|53a-60a||2nd degree assault with firearm|
|53a-60c||2nd degree assault of elderly, blind, disabled, pregnant, or mentally retarded person with firearm|
|53a-72b||3rd degree sexual assault with firearm|
|53a-92a||1st degree kidnapping with firearm|
|53a-94a||2nd degree kidnapping with firearm|
|53a-102a||2nd degree burglary with firearm|
|53a-103a||3rd degree burglary with firearm|
|53a-211||Possess sawed-off shotgun or silencer|
|53a-212||Stealing a firearm|
|53a-217a||Criminally negligent storage of firearms|
|53a-217b||Possess weapon on school grounds|
|53a-217c||Criminal possession of handgun|